Sunday, December 23, 2012

The Shortcomings of Current Explanations -Omnipotent Government by Ludwig von Mises

The current explanations of modern nationalism are far from recognizing that nationalism within our world of international division of labor is the inevitable outcome of etatism. We have already exposed the fallacies of the most popular of these explanations, namely, of the Marxian theory of imperialism. We have now to pass in review some other doctrines.
The faultiness of the Marxian theory is due to its bad economics. Most of the theories with which we shall deal now do not take eco­nomic factors into account at all. For them nationalism is a phe­nomenon in a sphere not subject to the influence of factors com­monly called economic. Some of these theories even go so far as to assert that nationalistic motivations arise from an intentional neg­lect of economic matters for the other matters.
A thorough scrutiny of all these dissenting opinions would re­quire an examination of all the fundamental problems of social life and social philosophy. We cannot achieve this in a study devoted to nationalism and the conflicts it has aroused, but must limit our­selves to the problems under investigation.
With regard to prevalent mistakes it may be necessary to empha­size again that we are considering policies and political actions and the doctrines influencing them, not mere views and opinions with­out practical effect. Our purpose is not to answer such questions as: In what respect do people of various nations, states, linguistic, and other social groups differ from one another? Or: Do they love or hate one another? We wish to know why they prefer a policy of economic nationalism and war to one of peaceful coöperation. Even nations bitterly hating one another would cling to peace and free trade if they were convinced that such a policy best promoted their own interests.
Omnipotent Government

No comments:

Post a Comment

Your Comments